As of Tue Jun 18 18:23:11 2024

ACCOR: Correct cross correlations using auto correlations


INNAME                             Input UV file name (name)
INCLASS                            Input UV file name (class)
INSEQ             0.0     9999.0   Input UV file name (seq. #)
INDISK            0.0        9.0   Input UV file disk unit #
FLAGVER          -1.0              Flag table version to apply
                                   0 -> highest
TIMERANG                           Timerange:
                                    1-4 = start day,hr,min,sec
                                    5-8 = end   day,hr,min,sec
SOLINT                             Solution interval (min)
                                   .GT.0 => no pay attention
                                            on scans
                                   .LT.0 => SOLINT=ABS(SOLINT)
                                   and average is terminated
                                   at the end of scans
                                   0 => -2 min;
                                   see help
BADDISK                            Disks to avoid for scratch


Type: Task
Use:  ACCOR corrects amplitudes in cross-correlation spectra due to
      errors in sampler thresholds using measurements of
      auto-correlation spectra.  Some correlators - JIVE apply this
      correction before writing out the data.
      For them, ACCOR should not be needed.  On the other hand,
      ACCOR should also be benign since the auto-correlations should
      end up scaled to 1.0 and so cause essentially no correction to
      be made by ACCOR.  For the VLBA correlators - both the older
      hardware correlator and the new software DiFX correlator - this
      correction is not done prior to reading the data into AIPS.  For
      such data, ACCOR is required.
  INNAME.....Input UV file name (name).      Standard defaults.
  INCLASS....Input UV file name (class).     Standard defaults.
  INSEQ......Input UV file name (seq. #).    0 => highest.
  INDISK.....Disk drive # of input UV file.  0 => any.
  FLAGVER....Specifies the version of the flagging table to be applied.
             0  => highest numbered table.
             <0 => no flagging to be applied.
  TIMERANG...Time range of the data to be used. In order: Start day,
             hour, min. sec, End day, hour, min. sec. Days relative to
             reference date.
             TIMERANGE = 0  => All available data are used
  SOLINT.....The solution interval (minutes). The mean values of
             spectra are averaged through the SOLUTION intervals
             following the start time in TIMERANGE. If SOLINT is more
             than the range of times in TIMERANG, the time of
             averaging is equal to the range of times in TIMERANG.

             If SOLINT > 0, the averaging does not pay attention to
             scan boundaries and several scans inside SOLINT may be
             averaged together.  The averaging in this case may
             include more than one source ID or/and frequency ID.
             The source ID and frequency ID written to the output SN
             table is the same for the all rows of the SN table and
             equal 0.  Use CALSOUR = '' when running CLCAL to convert
             this SN table to the relevant CL table.

             If SOLINT < 0, ABS(SOLINT) is used as the average
             interval and averaging is terminating at the end of the
             scan.  The correct source IDs and frequency IDs appear in
             the output SN table for the each averaged interval.
             CALSOUR can be used in CLCAL to select calibrators in
             this case.  Because of the gaps between scans, small
             intervals can appear at scan ends.  Intervals less than
             0.1*MIN(SOLINT, scan length) are not recorded to the
             output SN table.

             0 => -2 min
  BADDISK....The disk numbers to avoid for scratch files (sorting
             tables mostly).


ACCOR: Task to correct amplitudes distorted by errors of samplers.
Documentor:  L.R. Kogan


Calibration of a cross correlation spectrum supposes knowing parameters
of samplers (digitizers in particular). Unfortunately these parameters
are not identical to optimal ones and their real values are not known
with enough accuracy. As a result the cross correlation spectrum
amplitudes are measured with errors. These errors can be estimated
having measured the mean value of auto correlation spectrum of a given
interferometer's antennas. The theory of this correction is given by
L. Kogan in VLBA SCIENTIFIC MEMO #9, 1995.

The task estimates the mean values of the auto correlation spectra of
all antennas of a given VLBI network and records them in a new SN table.
The following application of the correction is provided by standard
procedure of applying the SN table to an CL table (CLCAL) and following
application this table with DOCALIB = 1 in relevant tasks.

Some correlators apply this correction to the data before writing them
out - notably the EVN JIVE correlator.  The VLBA hardware and software
(DiFX) correlators do
NOT apply this correction to the data.  Therefore, ACCOR is required
for the VLBA correlators and any others that do not apply the
correction.  ACCOR should be benign (do nothing) for those correlators
that do apply the correction prior to reading the data into AIPS.
Note that you can always run ACCOR and look at the SN table produced
with PRTAB or SNPLT to see if it was benign or not.


This method of correction is especially effective in the case of TWO
bits (FOUR levels) digitizers. Uncorrected amplitudes of cross
correlation spectra can differ from real ones in this case up to 25 percent.
The correction can minimize the errors to a bit of percent.
The behavior of the samplers' errors is unknown. In many cases it is
stable for hours for a given sampler. But cases of minute changing can
not be excluded. The default value of SOLINT is 60 minutes. But smaller
value 5-10 minutes can be recommended as well.
The correction quality can be checked by POSSM (for example) with
DOCALIB=1 and GAINUSE equaled to the CL table number gotten from
ACCOR's SN table.
The mean values of all auto correlation spectra would be close to unit.
  The task corrects other small errors of spectrum amplitudes caused by
other errors besides samplers errors.
  The task requires TB order of data. If it is not the task UVSRT has
to be applied to the data early.