Telling Time

Imagine that you're throwing a birthday party. You want all of your friends to come on time.

To do that, you'll need to **tell **them the **time.**Ā

šWe tell time by **reading clocks.**Ā

There are **2 types of clocks:** analog and digital. They both tell you the same thing.

This clock is an **analog clock**. It uses moving hands to tell us the time.

Theshort handtells us the hour, thelong handtells us the minutes.

Our clock shows 12:30.Ā

ā
The **short hand **is at 12.Ā

š 12 is the hour.

ā
The **long hand **is at 6.Ā

š But that is 30 minutes, not 6 minutes.

How did we get the number of minutes?

š Tip: It's a little bit tricky about the long hand. The numbers that you see on the clock tells about **groups of 5.**

Starting from 1, you **skip count by 5** until you reach the number that the long hand is pointing at.

That's how we got the number of minutes.

This clock is a **digital clock**. It uses numbers to tell us the time.

Thefirst two numberstells us the hour, thelast two numberstells us the minutes.

Both clocks tell us the time of day in **hours **and **minutes**.

š¤Do you know how many hours and minutes there are **in a day?**Ā

It's important to **memorize **these:

There are **24 hours in a day**.

There are **60 minutes in each hour**.

There are **60 seconds in each minute**, but most clocks don't show that.

When you're at your birthday party, take a look around. There are lots of things that involve time:

1 minute = 60 seconds

You can sing "Happy Birthday" in less than a minute.

You can also microwave popcorn in 2 minutes.

ā° Minutes are pretty short.

1 hour = 60 minutes

You can watch a movie in 2 hours.Ā

Your birthday party might go on for 3 hours!

ā° Hours are pretty long.

1 day = 24 hours

That's how long it takes for the **sun to set.**

The **first half **of a day is **morning.**

That's when you have your birthday party.

The **second half **is **nighttime.**

That's when you have your sleepover.Ā

1 year = 365 days

1 year is super long!

That's how long you'll have to wait for your next birthday to arrive.

Great job learning about time. Now try the practice questions. š

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