C.6 Data Loading and Inspection

  1.  Load the data using VLBALOAD (which is a very simplified FITLD). CLINT should be set so that there are several CL table entries for each self-calibration or fringe-fitting interval anticipated; this will minimize interpolation error during the calibration process. However, setting CLINT too short will result in a needlessly large table. Somewhere between CLINT = 0.25 and CLINT = 1.0 is about right. A FITLD parameter that is set automatically in VLBALOAD is WTTHRESH = 0.7, which results in irrevocable discarding of all data with playback weight less than 0.7. The only way around this is to use FITLD explicitly. The data will be assigned weights that reflect the playback weight plus the integration time and channel bandwidth. If you run FITLD explicitly you may turn this off with DOWEIGHT <= 0.
  2.  Correct data with VLBAFIX. If necessary, VLBAFIX sorts (with MSORT), splits into different frequencies (with UVCOP), fixes the polarization structure (with FXPOL), and indexes (with INDXR) the data. VLBAFIX will also correct for subarrays (with USUBA), but you must tell it to do so. There are only 2 inputs of interest in VLBAFIX, CLINT, the CL table interval, and SUBARRAY which should be set to 1 if there are subarrays and 0 if not. This is a very benign procedure, it can be run on every data set read into AIPS and will only perform the necessary fixes. Note that, if the data are split into different frequencies, the flag table is applied and deleted.
  3.  At this point it is a good idea to get a listing of the antennas and scans in your data by running VLBASUMM. VLBASUMM runs PRTAN over all antenna tables and LISTR with OPTYPE=’SCANand gives a choice of writing a text file to disk or sending the listing to a printer.
  4.  Apply corrections to the Earth Orientation Parameters (EOPs). VLBI correlators must use measurements of the Earth Orientation Parameters (EOPs) to take them out of the observations. These change slowly with time and therefore the EOPs used by the correlator must be continually updated, and they are generally best two weeks or more after the observation. Since we try to correlate observations as quickly as possible, it is likely that the EOPs used are not the most accurate. Therefore it is recommended that all phase-referencing experiments be corrected for this possible error. The procedureVLBAEOPS will do this correction. VLBAEOPS automatically downloads a file with correct EOPs and runs CLCOR to correct the EOPs. If the automatic download does not work, VLBAEOPS can use a file which you have downloaded. Warning: this procedure does not work well over concatenated data sets containing multiple days; uss CLCOR explicitly and set CLCORPRM(2).
  5.  Apply ionospheric corrections, if desired, with VLBATECR. This procedure automatically downloads Global Positioning System (GPS) models of the electron content in the ionosphere and uses them to correct the dispersive delays and Faraday rotation caused by the ionosphere. If the automatic download does not work, VLBATECR can also use a file which you have downloaded, This is particularly important for phase referencing and polarization experiments at low frequency. We recommend VLBATECR for all experiments at 8 GHz or lower. VLBATECR is only as good as the ionospheric model, so it is a very good idea to compare the corrected and uncorrected phases using VPLOT. To inspect the phases using VPLOT, use options BPARM = 0, 2; APARM=0; DOCAL=1; GAINUSE=highest CL table. The phases should not wind as much (although they will probably not be completely flattened), when the corrected CL table is applied. To see the corrections themselves, use SNPLT on the new CL table setting OPTYPE = ’DDLY’. In 31DEC23, tasks MFIMG and TEPLT may be of interest after running TECOR.
  6.  For a simple spectral-line data set, or any data set with high spectral resolution, it is a very good idea to average the data set to a smaller number of channels before deriving the calibration parameters. Otherwise, the calibration tasks may take forever to run. It is recommended that you quickly inspect the channels of interest for your line data (e.g., with UVPLT) for high points. Remove obviously high amplitudes with CLIP (or e.g.UVMLN, SPFLG) before averaging. Inspect the full resolution data also for high delays and fringe rates. Spectral averaging in such cases may not be acceptable. Continue calibration on the averaged data set as if it were a continuum set. There is a better method to calibrate spectral line data described in 9.5.6 and, but the one used here is simpler and will usually give acceptable results. To reduce the data-set size, run the task AVSPC with AVOPTION = ’SUBS. For example, to average IFs with Nchan down to 32 channels, set the adverb CHANNEL = Nchan32 (e.g., to average from 2048 to 32 channels, use CHANNEL = 64).